Hip osteoarthritis mainly affects the articular cartilage, as well as causing changes to the bone, synovium, ligaments and capsule. This degeneration lead to loss of joint space, which can potentially be symptomatic. It is one of the top 15 contributors of global disability. Hip osteoarthritis is prevalent in 10% of people above 65, where 50% of these cases are symptomatic.
Physiotherapy plays in major role in the management of patients with hip osteoarthritis. The goal is to improve strength, mobility and increase range of motion. Physiotherapy also helps relieve pain and restores normal movement in the hip and legs and also addresses pain management and functional adaptions. Patient-specific exercise programmes has shown to decrease pain and improve function in hip osteoarthritis.